 ## keynesian liquidity preference theory of money demand

When there is strong evidence against the null hypothesis it should be rejected. This coefficient is a statistical percentage of how closely the data fits to the regression line. According to him, the rate of interest is determined by the demand for and supply of money. Thus, IS curve relates the rates of interest with the levels of income at which intended savings and investment are equal. Shift in money demand curve (or what Keynes called liquidity preference curve) can also be caused by changes in the expectations of the people regarding changes in bond prices or movements in the rate of interest in the future. Reference this. The Keynesian theory of money demand emphasizes the importance of a) a constant velocity b) irrational behavior on the part of some economic agents ... Keynes's liquidity preference theory indicates that the demand for money is a) constant b) positively related to interest rates In other words, people hold money or cash balances for transactions purposes, because receipt of money and payments do not coincide. The demand for money has been a subject of lively debate in economics. Narrow version. It was J.M. This floor, or minimum interest rate, indicates the absolute liquidity preference for consumers. Hicks-Hansen theory explained above has succeeded in integrating the theory of money with the theory of income determination. Thus, it is proportional function of both price level (P) and real income (F). There will be disequilibrium if rate of interest is eighter higher or lower than 10 per cent.Suppose the rate of interest is 12 per cent. As the number increases, it indicates that the data is more spread out. Transactions motive: money as a medium of exchange. In the classical model, people therefore demand money in order to make payments for their purchase of goods and services. How much of his income or resources will a person hold in the form of ready money (cash or non-interest-paying bank deposits) and how much will he part with or lend depends upon what Keynes calls his “liquidity preference.” Liquidity preference means the demand for money to hold or the desire of the public to hold cash. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. As a result, the bond prices will go up which implies that the rate of interest will decline. Critics argue that interest is not the only reward for parting with liquidity (Agarwal, n.d.). The interest rate according to Keynes is given for parting with liquidity for a particular period of time. Thus, the Keynesian theory, like the classical theory, is indeterminate. It is worth noting that money demand for transactions motive arises primarily because of the use of money as a medium of exchange (i.e. Liquidity. However, these criticisms are against the mathematical formulation of cash-balance approach, namely, Md = kPY. The R-squared, is the coefficient of determination. Therefore, the rate of interest is not determined independently of the marginal revenue productivity of capital (marginal efficiency of capital) and investment demand. Keynes’s theory argued that the interest rate in the demand for money is affected by supply and demand (Intelligent Economist, 2018). MS is the money supply curve which is a vertical straight line showing that 200 crores of rupees is the money supply fixed by the monetary authority. less steep). It is the money held for transactions motive which is a function of income. If bond prices are expected to raise which, in other words, means that the rate of interest is expected to fall, businessmen will buy bonds to sell when their prices actually rise. Another criticism levelled against this theory is that income elasticity of demand for money may well be different from unity. This IS curve tells us what will be the various rates of interest at different levels of income, given the investment demand curve and a family of saving curves at different levels of income. 18.5, when the quantity of money increases from ON to ON, the rate of interest falls from Or to Or because the new quantity of money OU is in balance with the demand for money at Or’ rate of interest. Kenyes assumed a simplified economy where there are two assets which people can keep in their portfolio balance. The T-stat is calculated and compared to the data by what is expected in the null hypothesis. PT) and Md as PT represents the total amount of work to be done by money as a medium of exchange. Thirdly, Don Patinkin and Milton Freidman have criticised Hicks-Hansen synthesis as being too artificial and over-simplified. If follows from above that Keynesian theory of interest is also not without flaws. A liquidity-preference schedule could then be identified as ‘a potentiality or functional tendency, which fixes the quantity of money which the public will hold when the rate of interest is given; so that if r is the rate of interest, M the quantity of money and L the function of liquidity-preference, we have M = L(r)’ (Keynes, 2007, p. 168)