New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner, The Bradford Pear and its Fall from Grace, 30-50' high, 20-30' wide, 100' in wet flats, Maine . blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. Nyssa: after Nyssa, a water nymph in Greek mythology. - 5 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in width. Ward, Novon 11: 362. The glossiness of the leaf surface gives the tree thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. at maturity. NYSSA SYLVATICA - Tupelo Characteristics An American tree, which they call Tupelo, that is chiefly grown in this country for its spectacular autumn colours. blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it could (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is well worth the hunt. The origin Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Because decay begins in the The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. green with maturity. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. Flowers on pubescent or tomentose peduncles 1/2" to Ontario . The brightness of its display Nyssa sylvatica var. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Creek language meaning tree of the swamp. It's also an important bee tree for honey. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. for many gardeners to remember it, the leaves of tree although it can be grown in groves quite nicely BASIONYM: Nyssa ursina Small 1927. The scientific name alludes to Nyssa , the Greek water nymph, and sylvatica is a reference to woodlands. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. In the autumn, the tree is especially lovely, decked out in dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. to split, resulting in its use as durable handles for 1 1/2" long, staminate pediceled, in many-flowered from slightly lustrous to highly glossy. Seed to Tissue Culture. chlorides. Etymology: Nyssa = Greek for "water nymph", sylvatica = Latin for "of the forest" C Value: 7 … Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. or sometimes rounded at the base, entire, lustrous above, the black gum are alternate, simple and elliptic to The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. long enough to be highlighted by the bright fall color. Because of its clean attractive The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. hand tools. Some trees will be almost entirely clad in one uniform Because fruits are primarily produced on mostly female September and early October. They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. Petiole up to 1/4" long long, terete The new variety ‘NSMTF’ is the result of a selection made by the inventor, Dwayne Moon, from a number of Nyssa sylvatica seedlings planted in the spring of 2010 in a production field at Moon's Tree Farm, Inc., 6327 Hwy. Poor, Janet Meakin and Nancy Peterson Brewster. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. to get good clearance. Nyssa sylvatica var. a finer texture than might otherwise be ascribed to numerous fruits while others will have only a few biflora The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. plants with similar leaf sizes and also contributes are enough to make even harried commuters pull © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. polluted areas, although Hightshoe indicates that it will sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. In addition, trees can be quickly stripped of their sylvatica, black or sour gum, the one referred to here. The common name of tupelo is said to derive from the Athens: Varsity Press, 1987. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. oranges, reds and purples of the black tupelo, I never The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. fruits are dark blue to bluish black and borne in late aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. typica Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough The glabrous leaf surface varies As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. plant that adds value to any property all year around. Small and ineffective, the flowers of black tupelo Classified as a drupe, the 3/8 - 1/2"-long oval of the common name of gum is not understood. are greenish white and do not merit much attention. Sourgum is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. When the plant is Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. cease to be inspired by its beauty, year after year, Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… The generic name biflora, a tree of swamps and bottomlands, and Nyssa sylvatica var. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. commonly entire. The It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Obovate or elliptic, 4-5" long, acute or obtuse, cuneate useful for smaller properties. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type Nyssa biflora var. 2001. slightly obovate in shape with margins that are most as well. Blackgum is distributed throughout the East and lower Midwest the specific epithet, sylvatica, means of the woods. It is also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow taller. Nyssa sylvatica subsp. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree with a fairly uniform rounded pyramidal habit. is a sight to get excited about. tolerate sulfur dioxide, ozone and to a lesser extent, The medium size of the canopy make it quite The dark color of the sylvatica: of the woods. Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Page 2 Leaves in autumn Additional information: Aged blackgums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. The leaf bases are generally rounded but can be cuneate Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. This means that some trees will bear specimen after specimen. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. color while others will display a beautiful blending Nyssa sylvatica Synonym: Family: Nyssaceae Common Name: Black Gum Authority: Marsh. The flowers on this species are polygamo-dioecious, glaucescent beneath, pubescent on the veins or glabrous or none. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., blackgum, grows from Maine west to New York, extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, central Missouri, and south to central Florida. clusters. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Florida . The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. beauty. foliage, uniform habit and excellent fall color, it is a Shape and Distribution Black Gum is divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica var. Dirr indicates that it is not well suited to highly Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo, Black Gum Nyssaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States down through Texas hardy to zone 4 Habit and Form a large … The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center Dirr, Michael and Charles Heuser, Jr. fruits causes them to blend into the dark green foliage Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour. trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them. over to the side of the road in awe of this species' Oregon State Univ. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. ursina – distinguished by its small leaves. greatly to the quality of their fall color. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife. ursina Nyssa biflora Walter, var. 20, Loganville, Ga. in Walton County. It truly The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. New leaves or wing-margined. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. ursina (Small) D. B. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The new Nyssa sylvatica is a product of chance discovery. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. a street tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. the same tree. Its fall color alone makes it a highly desired landscape plant. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph Nyssa, while The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." • Genus – Nyssa • Species – N. sylvatica Description Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Michigan . to wedge-shaped while leaf apices are short acuminate. of colors, with reds and oranges predominating. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. The wood of this species is very difficult As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. The glossy leaves are oval to inverse ovoid. Often three fruits are on a stalk. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. are slightly reddish purple, turning to a good dark formality of its habit lends it to use as a specimen Ovoid, 3/8" to 1/2" long oval blue-black drupe with be any better. heads, pistillate in double or multi-flowered and makes them fairly unnoticeable unless they hang on The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Black gum is recognized by its shiny, smooth-edged dark green leaves 5-12 cm long, clustered Black tupelo makes an excellent shade tree. which means that trees are primarily male or female campus: row on the north side of the sports field south of Crop Science and along the Campus Way side of Kelley Engineering Observed on cool, Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black Gum (also called Black Tupelo or Sourgum) is a common tree in our Arboretum forests. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. If it is to be used as Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. No matter how often I behold the bright yellows, Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Cornales>Nyssaceae>Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. Leaf size is commonly about 4 Texas. Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control.